Textile arts; Colombia
“I always say that if the tapestries could speak they would tell you how many tears had fallen on them … with every stich we made we felt it made a difference in our heart.” Alexandra Valdez 
The Women Weavers of Dreams and Flavours of Peace of Mampuján are a group of displaced women from the community of Mampuján in the Montes de Maria region of Colombia which was destroyed as a result of the conflict in March 2002. In 2006 the women started to meet together to sow tapestries. They began when Juana Alicia Ruíz Hernández, an Afro-Colombian community leader who had been working with church organisers, began advocating for more psychosocial projects to support the community. At her insistence an American, Teresa Geiser, was invited to Mampuján to run a workshop on trauma healing. She introduced the women to quilting as a method to support community healing and resilience.
The women started to meet regularly to sow. Drawing on Afro-Caribbean storytelling and local textile art traditions, instead of creating quilts, they sewed their stories, creating large tapestries that depicted the atrocities they had suffered as a community and documented their displacement. Each figure that they cut and sewed represented someone from their community. The women credit the process with being central to their process of healing and re-building, enabling them to come together and to share their pain, to commemorate and to start looking forward. Juana recalls how they cried and sewed and how gradually the crying changed to laughing. “It was a way to recover from trauma, a strategy to narrate and tell what had happened, to sit and to talk,” Juana remembers. Through these conversations, the women decided to sew the history of their people, from life in Africa, to slavery, to agriculture, in a series of tapestries. Through this process, Juana says, they learnt about the cyclical character of violence and they committed themselves to breaking the cycle.
In 2008 the community of Mampuján was chosen to attend the first court hearings under the Justice and Peace Law of 2005, as part of the demobilization process. In return for a lighter sentence the commanders behind the displacement of Mampuján confessed to their crimes. In a historic court ruling, the Colombian state was ordered to pay reparations to the victims of Mampuján (2010). During one televised hearing, Juana’s husband, Alexander Villarey Pulido, publically forgave the commanders. Watching the live stream from the community Juana feared the reaction of the people who had lost everything to these men but Alexander was given a standing ovation when he finished speaking. A Canadian project volunteer notes that the community were able to publically forgive and to look forward as a result of a social healing process that had included community organising and the social healing of tapestry making that had started years before the formal transitional proceedings. The reparation process has not been smooth. Village leaders and organisers have worked hard to support the community, to defend their rights, to purse the reparations they were promised and to achieve real healing. While going through the transitional justice proceedings the women met less regularly to sew but their tapestries continued to play a role as central back drops to meetings, gatherings and their activism.
In 2014, one of Mampuján’s tapestries, Travesty, was put on permanent display in the National Museum in Bogota to highlight the unique contribution of Afro-descendant communities to Colombia. It depicts the story of their ancestors’ journey from Africa to Colombia, in the hold of a slave ship. A video accompanying the quilt depicts the women sewing while narrating their current situation. In 2015, the Weavers of Mampuján were awarded the Premio Nacional de la Paz, a leading peace prize in Colombia. With the prize money they are building a network to support more women like themselves to engage in sewing and community healing and organising projects.
The Weavers of Mampuján is an example of a local, grassroots driven arts project where a community, building on their own storytelling and textile traditions, have repurposed an arts method to create a space and means for them to move from individual healing to a collective recovery that has facilitated wider processes of reconciliation. The creation of the tapestries involved a collaborative and social healing process that built the capacity of the community to engage with government sanctioned transitional justice proceedings. The tapestries themselves have become backdrops to organising and have made the community and their history visible in national and institutional forums. This project demonstrates the evolving role of the arts as an ongoing process (as opposed to singular interventions) that can support reparation and reconciliation processes over time, not necessarily only by bringing people from different sides of the conflict together but by also building the capacity and resilience of a community to deal with state-sanctioned reconciliation processes
 See the organisation’s website here: http://asvidasmarialabaja.weebly.com/
 See account given in the Bogota’s The City Paper, February 24th 2015 http://thecitypaperbogota.com/features/quilts-of-hope76778/8413
 See the testimonies given by the women in Tejedoras de Mampujan (2015), documentary by Margarita Martínez commissioned by Reconciliation Colombia and the Premio Nacional de Paz
 Quote from article from Article in The City Paper, February 24th 2015 http://thecitypaperbogota.com/features/quilts-of-hope76778/8413
 Anna Vogt, a Canadian volunteer working with the Mennonite Central Committee, was involved supporting the quilting project and lived in Mampuján, for two years as the village went through reparation proceedings. This observation is made in blog post posted on August 22nd 2014 : https://thellamadiaries.com/2014/08/22/impunity-and-forgiveness/
 See: http://www.eltiempo.com/archivo/documento/CMS-16435020
 Quote from interview with Alexandra Valdez taken from Tejedoras de Mampujan (2015), documentary by Margarita Martínez commissioned by Reconciliation Colombia and the Premio Nacional de Paz (minute 8.14)
The account provided in this profile was drawn from various sources, articles and films. These include those already listed in the numbered references and the following:
Mampujan: Historias de Dolor Tejidas por la Esperanza y el Perdon (2016), independent documentary (English subtitles) done in collaboration with the community in Mampujan by a research team including Juana Alicia Ruiz, Ruth Maria Romero Sanchez, Anadelfi Ladeus Teheran and Isaias Guerrero Cabrera:
Las Tejedoras de Mampujan (2015), Vice Media (Spanish language)
https://www.vice.com/es_co/article/wd3a5z/pacifista-presenta-las-tejedoras-de-mampujn-parte-2 (Part 2)